Session

Massively Parallel Sequencing of Forensic Markers on the MiSeq FGx Forensic Genomics System

Thursday September 27th, 2018 // 9:40 am - 10:00 am // North Ballroom

The recent introduction of massively parallel sequencing (MPS) has revolutionized DNA typing in forensic science. We evaluated the ForenSeq™ DNA Signature Prep Kit that is designed to detect 231 forensically relevant STR and SNP markers in a single reaction on the MiSeq FGx™ Forensic Genomics System1. Full profiles were obtained from ≥ 100 pg input DNA for STRs and ≥ 200 pg for SNPs. A sample with ≥ 5% minor contributors was considered as a mixture, and full profiles from minor contributors were easily detected between 9:1 and 1:9 mixtures with known reference profiles. The ForenSeq Kit tolerated considerable concentrations of inhibitors like ≤ 200 µM hematin and ≤ 50 µg/ml humic acid, and > 56% STR profiles and > 88% SNP profiles were obtained from ≥ 200-bp degraded samples. Likewise, this kit demonstrated robust performance with case-type samples. Also, sensitive QC indicator and automated sample comparison function in the ForenSeq Universal Analysis Software (UAS) were quite helpful, enabling us to concentrate on questionable genotypes and avoid tedious and time-consuming labor to maximum the time spent in data analysis. Further, Xibe population (STR000107) was successfully genotyped using the ForenSeq Kit, which is the first MPS-STR and MPS-SNP dataset contributed to the STRidER from an East Asian population2. Most importantly, we developed an MPS whole mitochondrial genome panel to detect heavily degraded samples using the Nextera® XT DNA Library Preparation Kit with the MiSeq FGx System in RUO mode3, and this dataset (EMP00726) was evaluated by the EMPOP. In conclusion, the MiSeq FGx System can universally detect forensic markers and fully meet requirements for human identification and DNA databasing.

 

1Fei Guo, Jiao Yu, Lu Zhang, Jun Li (2017) Massively parallel sequencing of forensic STRs and SNPs using the Illumina® ForenSeq™ DNA Signature Prep Kit on the MiSeq FGx™ Forensic Genomics System. FSI: Genetics; 31:135-148.

2Fei Guo (2018) High resolution genotyping of STRs and SNPs in Xibe ethnic minority from Northeast China with MiSeq FGxTM System. FSI: Genetics; submission.

3Fei Guo (2018) Mitochondrial genome sequencing with short overlapping amplicons on MiSeq FGxTM System. FSI: Genetics; submission.

Speakers

Fei Guo

Director, Massively Parallel Sequencing Lab of Criminal Police University of China (CIPUC)

Dr. Guo worked at the Criminal Science and Technology Institute of Liaoning Province of China, devoting himself to development and validation of multiplex systems and population genetic studies. He is primarily focused on MPS of forensic markers for human identification and DNA databasing and development of visualization software for secondary data analysis.

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