The identification of human remains belonging to missing persons is one of the main challenges for forensic genetics. Although other means of identification can be applied to missing person investigations, DNA is often extremely valuable to further support or refute potential associations. When reference DNA samples cannot be collected from personal items belonging to a missing person, a direct DNA identification cannot be carried out. However, identifications can be made indirectly using DNA from the missing person’s relatives.
In June 2021, the International Criminal Police Organization INTERPOL launched I-Familia, a new DNA database aiming to facilitate the identification of missing persons globally through family DNA kinship matching.
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